Eurozone company surveys (PMI, European Commission) continued to deteriorate throughout the summer, although a slight improvement was observed in September for the PMI. The rise in policy rates by 25 basis points in September – the last one according to our forecast – will amplify this phenomenon. We do not expect a recession in the euro zone as a whole in 2023, but moderate growth at 0.5%, mainly due to a favourable carry-over effect in 2022. After a slightly positive first semester, eurozone activity is likely to stall in the second semester. Significant growth differentials are expected between the Member States.
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